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Diabetes in Asia – From Understanding to Action

In the present pandemic of diabetes and obesity, 60% of the affected population will come from Asia. Between India and China, these two most...

Cardiovascular Changes in Children with Snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is a spectrum of diseases ranging from primary snoring to obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). A recent review suggested that the...

The Scope of Paediatric Sleep Medicine

Despite apparent similarities to adult sleep medicine, the disorders of paediatric sleep medicine have a distinct epidemiology and pathophysiology. During childhood, the physiology of...

Effect of Orthognathic Surgery on the Posterior Airway Space (PAS)

During the growth and development of a person, the facial structures are primarily dependent on the genetic makeup and secondarily on the environmental factors....

Nasal Obstruction in Children with Sleep-disordered Breathing

Nasal breathing is critical in infants and children; for example, neonatal choanal atresia often leads to respiratory distress and may require urgent intervention in...

Airway and Craniofacial Changes With Mandibular Advancement Device in Chinese With Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

The mandibular advancement device (MAD) consists of upper and lower splints attached to the teeth and postures the mandible forward. The rationale for use...

The Metabolic Syndrome in Hypertensive and Normotensive Subjects: The Isfahan Healthy Heart Programme

The metabolic syndrome (MS) is characterised by a clustering of metabolic risk factors and an insulin-resistant state.1 Its prevalence is high in Western, as...

Retinal and Cardiovascular Diseases: The “Common Soil” Theory

There is increasing evidence that retinal and cardiovascular diseases share a “common soil”. Risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidaemia and...

Multi-disease Health Screening in an Urban Low-income Setting: A Community-based Study

With the burden of chronic disease rising amongst rapidly urbanising Asian populations, active participation in health screening would allow for early detection and management...

Endothelial Dysfunction in Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Independent of Metabolic Syndrome

Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is a widely prevalent disorder characterised by recurrent partial or complete obstruction of upper airway during sleep. Compelling data...

Cardiovascular Risks Associated With Obesity in Children and Adolescents

The prevalence of obesity has risen by three-folds or more in many countries since 1980. In 2005, it was estimated that globally there are...

Kidney Cancer and Diabetes Mellitus: A Population-Based Case-Control Study in Taiwan

Kidney cancer accounts for 3% to 4% of all cancers. In a systematic review by Mathew and et al,2 the incidence of kidney cancer...

Management Plan to Reduce Risks in Perioperative Care of Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Averts the Need for Presurgical Polysomnography

A significant proportion of patients with underlying obstructive sleepapnoea (OSA) remain undiagnosed when they present for surgery. Epidemiologic data have placed the prevalence in the...

Identification of Insulin Resistance in Subjects with Normal Glucose Tolerance

Currently, type 2 diabetes is a leading cause of death in Taiwan, as well as in many other countries. It places a tremendous burden...