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Periodontal disease and systemic health: An update for medical practitioners

Care for the oral cavity lies in the intersection of dentistry and medicine. As the oral cavity serves as an entry to the gastrointestinal...

Is it Feasible to Use Magnesium Sulphate as a Hypotensive Agent in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery?

Although deliberate hypotension during surgery may potentially cause organ ischaemia, in particular of the myocardium and cerebrum, it is widely used as an adjuvant...

Recurrent Gigantic Pyogenic Granuloma Disturbing Speech and Mastication: A Case Report and Literature Review

Pyogenic granulomas are common benign fibrovascular growths of the oral cavity that are non-neoplastic in nature. They may also present as skin lesions. This article...

A Case Report of a Vital Replanted Tooth with Unfavourable Extra-alveolar Condition: A 10-Year Follow-up

Tooth avulsion, frequently of the maxillary central incisors, occurs most often in children from 7 to 9 years of age, when the periodontium surrounding...

Odontoameloblastoma: Report of a Case

Ameloblastoma is a benign but locally invasive tumour that affects the jaws. Although it is commonly regarded as a homogeneous group of tumours, detailed...

Oral Manifestations of Schimmelpenning Syndrome: Case Report and Review of Literature

Schimmelpenning syndrome (SS) is characterised by specific skin manifestations, skeletal defects, and central nervous system abnormalities, such as mental deficiency and seizures. Happle has...

Alveolar Bone Grafts: The Surgical/Orthodontic Management of the Cleft Maxilla

Secondary alveolar bone grafting, which was pioneered in Europe, was reported in the German literature at the beginning of this century. However, it was...

Pathogenesis and Morphogenesis of Craniofacial Developmental Anomalies

The current explosion of molecular biology encompassing genetics, morphogenesis, teratogenesis and pharmacogenomics for targeted drug therapy is about to have a profound impact upon...

A Review of Common Mucocutaneous Disorders Affecting the Mouth and Lips

Most of the mucocutaneous diseases are confined to the stratified squamous epithelia and thus may involve oral, genital and other mucosae and skin. Most...

Oral Rehabilitation Using Dental Implants and Guided Bone Regeneration

Form follows function and adaptation to physiologic demands dictates skeletal form. In the oro-facial region, tooth loss leads to atrophy of the alveolar arches...

Reconstruction of Cranial Bone Defects Using Alloplastic Implants Produced from a Stereolithographically-generated Cranial Model

Cranial bone defects can be a result of trauma, congenital defects, infection or iatrogenically induced by surgery. Even for patients with sufficient hair to...

A 5-Year Survey of Oral Biopsies in an Oral Surgical Unit in Singapore: 1993-1997

There are a variety of pathological conditions that present in the oral cavity. While clinical and radiographic examination will suggest a provisional diagnosis, histological...

The Role of Multiple Segment Osteotomies in Orthognathic Surgery

Multiple segment osteotomy (MSO) orthognathic surgery serves to combine total or segmental maxillary and mandibular correction of dentofacial deformities with concurrent diastematic procedures to...

Sutures, Growth Plates and the Craniofacial Base—Experimental Studies in the Toothless (tl-Osteopetrotic) Rat

Craniofacial development is a complex multidimensional process that depends in large part on growth in the cranial base at several growth centres posteriorly and...

Surface Laser Scanning of the Cleft Palate Deformity —Validation of the Method

Cleft palate morphology and palatal dimensional changes due to growth and treatment have been analysed by numerous quantitative techniques. Many of these methods, however,...

Intraoral Mandibular Distraction: Indications, Technique and Long-term Results

Distraction osteogenesis is rapidly becoming a mainstream treatment modality for the early management of the patient with mandibular hypoplasia. Following early clinical experience with...

Aetiology and Distribution of Mandibular Fractures in the National University Hospital, Singapore

Apart from the nasal bone, the mandible is the most commonly fractured bone in the face. It is also the 10th most often broken...

A Duty of Quality

The process of delivery of health care is complex and includes aspects which concern the clinician, the patient and the treatment process itself. Training...

Acoustic Neuroma: Outcome of Surgical Resection and Study on the Anatomy of Facial and Cochlear Nerves

Acoustic neuroma (vestibular schwannoma) patients have greatly benefited from technical advances in neurosurgery. In fact, the evolution of acoustic neuroma surgery is a microcosm...

Case Reports: The Use of Intermaxillary Screws to Achieve Intermaxillary Fixation in the Treatment of Mandibular Fractures

The mandible is a unique bone in the human skeleton and occupies a prominent position in the craniofacial region. Traumatic injury to the face,...

Oral Manifestations of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-infected Patients in Singapore

The spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease has pursued a relentless course since it was first recognised in the early 1980s and if...

Evaluation of Problem-based Learning: A Lecturer’s Perspective

In the last decades, the exponential growth in the sophistication of the medical/dental knowledge and technologies has made the current dental curriculum more cramped...

Paediatric Orthopaedics in Singapore

The name “Orthopaedic Surgery” is derived from the words “orthos” (meaning straight or to straighten) and “paido” (meaning child). Thus, it is not unexpected...

Craniofacial Anomalies: Clinical and Molecular Perspectives

Cleidocranial dysplasia is an autosomal dominant skeletal disorder characterized by short stature, brachycephaly, delayed closure of the fontanelles and sutures, Wormian bones, midface hypoplasia,...

Case Report of a Dermoid Cyst at the Floor of the Mouth

A 19-year-old Indian male with a past history of “Ludwig’s angina” was seen at the Accident and Emergency Department of National University Hospital complaining...

Difficulties in Diagnosing Lesions in the Floor of the Mouth – Report of Two Rare Cases

The floor of the mouth takes form as early as in the fourth week of gestation with the downward growth and subsequent degeneration of...

Spontaneous Bone Regeneration after Mandible Resection in a Case of Ameloblastoma – A Case Report

Ameloblastoma is a true neoplasm of enamel organ type tissue which does not undergo differentiation to the point of enamel organ. This type of...

Clinico-Pathological Conference 2002

Six patients with unusual presentations of head and neck disease were presented for diagnosis by discussants at the conference. Images were accompanied by brief...

The Role of Internet and Personal Digital Assistant in Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology

The Internet is a global network of networks that connect computers all over the world, so that anyone from any point in the network...

Bisphosphonates – A Word of Caution

Bisphosphonates are commonly prescribed for the treatment (and prevention) of postmenopausal and corticosteroid induced osteoporosis, Paget’s disease, hypercalcemia associated with malignancy and osteolysis (and...

Low Frequency of Anti-Endomysial Antibodies in Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis

Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is a common condition of the oral mucosa of unknown aetiology. Several predisposing factors have been suggested including haematinic deficiencies,...

Oral Lesions and Conditions Associated with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in 1000 South Indian Patients

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a major global health problem. It is estimated that the number of people living with HIV infection in...

Epidemiology of Betel Quid Usage

Betel quid/areca nut use has been common in South and Southeast Asia and the Asia Pacific region for a long time and is common...

Oral Mucosal Immunology: An Overview

The primary function of the immune system of the mouth is to protect the teeth, jaws, gingivae and the rest of the oral mucosa...

Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology and Medicine – A Dental Specialty Issue Whose Time Has Come?

The practice of Dentistry in Singapore has advanced rapidly, with the development and recognition of several specialty practices, coupled with the support of established...

Spectrum of Dentofacial Deformities: A Retrospective Survey

Deformity refers to distortion of any part of the body. The term dentofacial is related to the dental arches and their effects on facial...

3rd College of Physicians’ Lecture – Translational Research: From Bench to Bedside and From Bedside to Bench; Incorporating a Clinical Research Journey in IgA Nephritis (1976 to 2006)

In our quest to pursue knowledge regarding a patient’s illness or seek a cure for the disease, as doctors we have to derive the...

Diabetes as a Risk Factor for Periodontal Disease: Current Status and Future Considerations

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common and growing global health problem. It is highly prevalent in Asian communities. Hong Kong, Pakistan, and Singapore are...

The Teaching of Radiology

A record of Diagnostic Radiology would be incomplete without reference to Wilheim Roentgen, who discovered the rays that he could not comprehend; hence, X-rays....

One Hundred Years of Orthopaedic Education in Singapore

In looking at the history of orthopaedic education in Singapore, one must place our local setting in the worldwide perspective. Officially, the academic Department...

The Evolution of Teaching and Learning Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases at NUS

The Straits and Federated Malay States Government Medical School was founded in 1905. Dr Chen Su Lan, 1 of the 7 graduates in the...

One Hundred Years of Physiology Education in Singapore

Physiology is the study of normal function in the body and how genes, proteins, organ systems interact to maintain health. It provides a foundation...

Effect of Orthognathic Surgery on the Posterior Airway Space (PAS)

During the growth and development of a person, the facial structures are primarily dependent on the genetic makeup and secondarily on the environmental factors....

Airway and Craniofacial Changes With Mandibular Advancement Device in Chinese With Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

The mandibular advancement device (MAD) consists of upper and lower splints attached to the teeth and postures the mandible forward. The rationale for use...

Assessment of Vertigo

Vertigo has been said to be the greatest “heartsink” symptom in medicine. That certainly is a possibility but every specialty has its similar conditions,...

Twentieth Century Influenza Pandemics in Singapore

Tropical countries such as Singapore, although without well-defined influenza seasons, are also affected by influenza epidemics and pandemics. Twenty per cent of Singapore’s population...

Translating the Family Medicine Vision into Educational Programmes in Singapore

The core of the Family Medicine (FM) vision is patient-centred care, requiring specific education and vocational training. Modern day FM began its existence as...

A Brief History of Pathology and the Chapter of Pathologists

A history of the Chapter of Pathologists would be incomplete without a history of the specialty of Pathology in Singapore. Pathology is in fact...

A Brief History of the College of Surgeons, Singapore (Formerly known as Chapter of Surgeons), Academy of Medicine, Singapore

The Academy of Medicine, Singapore was duly founded in 1957 as the professional corporate body of medical and dental specialists in Singapore. The Chapter...

Recent Development in Paediatrics: from Chapter to College

Paediatrics is among one of the earliest specialties to develop in Singapore and its early development has been documented on various occasions.1-4 At the...

Clinical Aspects and Management of Fibromyalgia Syndrome

Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) has been referred to as a medically unexplained syndrome;1,2 a rheumatological entity described in rheumatology textbooks and taught to all training...

Enlargement of the Right Maxilla – Report of an Unusual Peripheral Osteoma

Osteomas are benign, slow-growing tumours of the bone which may be classified as solitary or multiple. Multiple osteomas are mainly associated with Gardner’s syndrome...

200 years of surgery at the General Hospital, Singapore

Western medicine in Singapore began with Sir Stamford Raffles’ arrival on 28 January 1819 with a sub-assistant surgeon, Dr Thomas Prendergast, providing medical care...

24th Seah Cheng Siang Lecture: Seeing Better, Doing Better—Evolution and Application of Gastrointestinal (GI) Endoscopy

Man’s innate curiosity to study the internal organs of the human body dates back to the time of Hippocrates where basic speculums were invented...

Precautions When Providing Dental Care During Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and was first reported to the World Health Organization...