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The Growth and Development of Orthopaedic Sports Medicine in Singapore

Orthopaedic sports medicine in Singapore took form as a subspecialty of orthopaedic surgery over a number of years. Several individuals contributed to it being...

Outcomes of Acute Arthroscopic Repair and Conservative Treatment Following First Traumatic Dislocation of the Shoulder Joint in Young Patients

Traumatic dislocation of the shoulder is a serious problem especially in active and young patients. Shoulder instability and recurrent dislocation hinder patient activities. This article...

Rising Trend of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries in Females in a Regional Hospital

Female athletes are at a greater risk for injuries involving the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) than their male counterparts in high schools and colleges...

Pitfalls in the Use of Allometry in Accounting for Differences in Body Mass in Relation to Maximal Oxygen Uptake in Trained Athletes

We thank the author of the letter to the editor for his interest in our study. This article is available only as a PDF. Please...

The Perils of Allometric Scaling

I read with interest the paper by Chia and Aziz. Using allometric scaling, the authors adjusted peak oxygen uptake (VO2max) for the confounding influence...

Important Considerations for Recommending Hydration Studies

We read with interest the study by Sun and colleagues published in the recent April Sports Medicine edition. The study investigated fluid balance associated...

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Sports Injuries of the Knee

Sports-related knee injuries are common, with contact sports and sports involving twisting movements being the most frequent causes. Sports injuries may affect any of...

Human Thermoregulation and Measurement of Body Temperature in Exercise and Clinical Settings

The ability to sense and regulate body temperature is a key feature of human survival. A deviation of ± 3.5°C from the resting temperature...

Hamstring Injuries: Risk Assessment and Injury Prevention

The aim of this article is to outline the factors involved with, and a potential strategy for preventing, one of the most common injuries...

Isokinetic Dynamometry in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury and Reconstruction

Of all the ligaments of the knee joint, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the most frequently injured despite its structural proficiency and its...

Knee and Ankle Ligaments: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings of Normal Anatomy and at Injury

Ligamentous injuries of the knee and ankle are a common entity among athletes. Knee sprains can account for up to 30% of injuries in...

Recurrent Patellar Dislocation: Reappraising our Approach to Surgery

Traumatic patellar dislocations affect mainly adolescents and young adults. Up to 44% of patients will develop recurrent dislocation. This article is available only as a...

Common Lower Limb Sports-related Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes

Treating sports injuries in children and adolescent presents a unique challenge to the physician. They are different anatomically and physiologically from adults. This article is...

Plasma Endotoxin and Immune Responses During a 21-km Road Race Under a Warm and Humid Environment

During intense exercise, immune disturbances can occur through an increase in plasma pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) concentrations, and post-exercise leukocytosis and...

Triple Endobuttton Technique in Acromioclavicular Joint Reduction and Reconstruction

Acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) dislocation is a common injury often affecting young athletes. Cyclist, ice hockey players, weight lifters, rugby players and martial exponents are...

Effects of a 12-week Exercise Training Programme on Aerobic Fitness, Body Composition, Blood Lipids and C-Reactive Protein in Adolescents with Obesity

The prevalence of obesity in children and adolescents is increasing rapidly worldwide. A rising rate of obesity in epidemic proportions also brings about economic...

Concurrent Validity of Power Output Derived from the Non-motorised Treadmill Test in Sedentary Adults

The use of the Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT) for assessing all-out intensity short-duration sprint cycling lasting between 10 and 40 seconds is pervasive. Many...

Return to Sports After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction – A Review of Patients with Minimum 5-year Follow-up

Complete anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture results in a mechanically unstable knee. ACL reconstruction is recommended in athletes to help restore knee stability for...

Clinical Evaluation of Arthroscopic-assisted Allograft Meniscal Transplantation

The menisci of the knee are fibro-cartilaginous structures essential for the normal biomechanic of the knee joint. They play a critical role in shock...

Dehydration Rates and Rehydration Efficacy of Water and Sports Drink During One Hour of Moderate Intensity Exercise in Well-trained Flatwater Kayakers

Flatwater kayaking has been gaining popularity in the world and steep growth has been observed in the Asian region. Long distance paddling is often...

Sports Medicine

The National Survey on Sports Participation showed that the number of Singaporeans who exercised regularly at least once a week doubled from 24% in...

Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus

Osteochondral lesions of the talus are a known cause of chronic ankle pain. They are frequently found in the active population after ankle sprains. This...

Arthroscopic Management of Superior Labral Anterior and Posterior (SLAP) and Associated Lesions: Clinical Features and Functional Outcome

A superior labral lesion is a pathologic abnormality at the site of the long head of the biceps tendon insertion into the superior labrum...

An Eight Year Review of Exercise-related Cardiac Arrests

Exercise-related cardiac arrest is uncommon, however it is devastating when it occurs in otherwise healthy adults. In young adults, vigorous physical exercise trigger cardiac...