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White precipitate in a dialysis circuit

An 81-year-old man who had been fully vaccinated against COVID-19 was admitted to the medical intensive care unit on day 5 of his COVID-19-induced...

Identifying high-risk hospitalised chronic kidney disease patient using electronic health records for serious illness conversation

In-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients is shown to have lower survival1 and a higher proportion of survivors on maintenance...

Death and cardiovascular outcomes in end-stage renal failure patients on different modalities of dialysis

End-stage renal failure (ESRF) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, including Asia.1 In Singapore, incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage...

Survival outcome of haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis

End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is a challenging and growing health issue, with number of patients increasing globally. The use of dialysis has greatly improved...

Cardiovascular Disease: Genes and Public Health

The excitement surrounding the Human Genome Project and its impending completion has raised expectations of the possibilities for genetics in common disease. It is...

Clinical Update on Occupational Asthma

Occupational asthma is the most common occupational respiratory disease in the United Kingdom and also in Singapore. Recent estimates of the proportion of adult...

Case Report: Catheter-Related Epidural Abscess

Epidural abscess complicating epidural catheterisation was first reported in 1974. Two recent studies indicated a local infection incidence of epidural catheters of 4.3% to...

An Asian Perspective to the Problem of Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is regarded as an important public health problem in many Caucasian populations. Much of the research on epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, genetic and molecular...

Late-life Depression: Current Issues and New Challenges

Depression in late life (>60 years old) is one of the most common and treatable psychiatric disorders in the elderly. It not only causes...

Adolescent Health Education Programmes: Theoretical Principles in Design and Delivery

Over the past three decades, the patterns of health need in youth have changed. Psychosocial problems such as depression, substance abuse, eating disorders, sexually...

Molecular Adsorbent Recirculating System (MARS)

Liver failure is clinically heterogeneous in aetiology, pathophysiology, clinical severity and prognoses. It can be divided into the following categories: acute liver failure (ALF),...

Using Natural STOP Growth Signals to Prevent Excessive Axial Elongation and the Development of Myopia

Myopia in humans results from an imbalance between the refractive power of the cornea and lens and the axial length of the eye, such...

Age-related Macular Degeneration: An Emerging Challenge for Eye Care and Public Health Professionals in the Asia Pacific Region

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a severe ocular disease characterised by progressive deterioration of the macula, the most sensitive central back portion of the...

Suicide

The word suicide is derived from the Latin word suicidium, itself derived from sui (of oneself) and cidium (a killing; caedere = to kill....

Report of the National Myopia Prevention and Control Workgroup 2006: A Summary

The prevalence rates of myopia, including high myopia (spherical equivalent at least –6.0 diopters), are rising to epidemic proportions in Asia. Singapore has one...

Twentieth Century Influenza Pandemics in Singapore

Tropical countries such as Singapore, although without well-defined influenza seasons, are also affected by influenza epidemics and pandemics. Twenty per cent of Singapore’s population...

Venous Thromboembolism at the National Healthcare Group, Singapore

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a potentially fatal disease which includes deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). About 30% of patients with VTE...

Alzheimer’s disease–The Inexorable Epidemic

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia which refers collectively to syndromes of progressive deterioration of memory along with other cognitive...

Profile of Hospitalisation and Death in the First Year after Diagnosis of End-stage Renal Disease in a Multi-ethnic Asian Population

End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is reaching epidemic proportions and is increasingly a public health issue due to the cost of providing care to these...

Biomedical Strategies for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Prevention? A New Paradigm

The first 30 years of the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) pandemic will be remembered by the way individuals, communities, nations and...

National Health Survey on the Prevalence of Urinary Abnormalities in the Population: then and now (1975 to 2012)

In the planning of a tuberculosis prevalence survey in Singapore in 1975, it was decided to include a urine examination of the respondents using...

Natural History and Comorbidities of Subjects with Subclinical Hyperthyroidism: Analysis at a Tertiary Hospital Setting

Subclinical hyperthyroidism (SH) is characterised by low serum concentration of thyrotropin (TSH) in the presence of normal serum thyroid hormones and the absence of...

Kidney Cancer and Diabetes Mellitus: A Population-Based Case-Control Study in Taiwan

Kidney cancer accounts for 3% to 4% of all cancers. In a systematic review by Mathew and et al,2 the incidence of kidney cancer...

Empagliflozin-induced severe osmotic nephrosis and acute renal injury in advanced chronic kidney disease

Diabetic kidney disease remains a significant disease burden globally and is associated with increased medical costs once chronic kidney disease (CKD) ensues. Therefore, optimisation...

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): The Singapore Experience. A Review of the First Eight Months

Singapore reported its first imported case of COVID-19 on 23 January 20201 and its first COVID-19 deaths on 21 March 2020.2 The WHO declared...