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A Case Report of Heparin Resistance due to Acquired Antithrombin III Deficiency

Intravenous heparin therapy is used in the management of angina and myocardial infarct with increasing frequency in recent years. Those patients who have been...

Pericardial Injury Following Severe Sepsis from Faecal Peritonitis—A Case Report on the Use of Continuous Cardiac Output Monitoring

The intermittent manual bolus thermodilution method is the most common means of determining cardiac output in critically ill patients. Although widely used, there are...

Thoracoscopic Thymectomy for Myasthenia Gravis: A Case Report

Total thymectomy is the established surgical therapeutic method for generalised myasthenia gravis. Several approaches are used for the surgical removal of the thymus and...

Changing the Institutional Practice of Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery to Early Extubation

In the past, cardiac patients in this institution were ventilated postoperatively for a prolonged period, frequently overnight. Since 1997 some of our cardiac anaesthetists...

Bidirectional Cavopulmonary Anastomosis

Children with complex congenital heart disease and a functional single ventricle may not be ideal candidates for a Fontan procedure. A staged approach to...

Efficacy of Contraction Uncoupling by 2,3-Butanedione Monoxime during Initial Reperfusion versus Cardioplegic Arrest for Protection of Isolated Hearts

Despite the recent developments of minimally invasive surgery, most cardiac surgery procedures still include ischaemic cardioplegic arrest and cardiopulmonary bypass. For decades the efforts...

Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumour of the Chest Wall—A Report of Two Cases and Review of Literature

Tumours of the chest wall are uncommon and are usually sarcomatous in nature. Primitive neuroectodermal tumours (PNETs) are rare and are thought to arise...

Minimally Invasive Repair of Atrial Septal Defects—A Case Series

Atrial septal defect (ASD) forms the commonest grown up congenital heart diseases seen in cardiac surgical practice. Repair of this has become so safe...

A Case Report on the Perinatal Management of a 30-week Preterm Baby with Congenital Complete Heart Block

The association between congenital complete heart block (CHB) and maternal autoimmune disorders has been described for many years. Maternal systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is...

Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing in Heart Transplant Candidates

Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a leading cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This syndrome tends to run a chronic course with a wide...

Long-Term Outcome of Aortofemoral Bypass for Aortoiliac Occlusive Disease

The management of aortoiliac occlusive disease has been evolving in the past few decades. Surgical options include aortofemoral bypass, endarterectomy, extraanatomical bypass and endovascular...

Abdominal Complications after Cardiac Surgery

Despite intensive therapeutic efforts, both the incidence and mortality of gastrointestinal complications after cardiac surgery employing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) have not decreased during the...

Transesophageal Echocardiography or Fluoroscopy During Port-Access Surgery?

Minimally invasive techniques are increasingly being used in cardiac surgery. In particular, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and mitral valve surgery are now often...

Giant Pericardial Lipoma: Unusual Cause of Intrathoracic Mass

Cardiac and pericardial lipomas are very rare tumours. They remain asymptomatic for a long time and produce symptoms, if at all, by the virtue...

A Case of a Diaphragmatic Rupture Complicated With Lacerations of Stomach and Spleen Caused by a Violent Cough Presenting With Mediastinal Shift

Diaphragmatic rupture is a recognised consequence of high-velocity blunt trauma to the abdomen and chest and also has been reported in 0% to 5%...

Surgery for Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia. The overall prevalence of atrial fibrillation is 0.4%. This article is available only as a PDF....

Cardiovascular Medicine and Surgery in Singapore: The Next Lap

Fourteen years ago, an editorial in the Annals announced the coming of age of cardiology in Singapore. Among the issues raised in that editorial...

Deep Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest in Adults Undergoing Aortic Surgery: Local Experience

The use of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) as a method of cerebral protection during aortic surgery was first described in 1975. Its use...

Routine Microbiological Screening in Septic Patients in a Cardiac Surgical Intensive Care Unit

Compared to in-hospital patients, patients treated in an intensive care unit (ICU) have the highest risk of contracting an infection. The risk correlates well...

Pathological Pulmonary Hernia in a Patient With Metastatic Breast Cancer

Pulmonary hernia is a rare and uncommon clinical entity that has been defined as a protrusion of pleural membranes or lung parenchyma through the...

Thoracic Complications of Radiofrequency Ablation of Recurrent Hepatoma

Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) intended to produce complete thermal necrosis of unresectable primary or secondary hepatic malignancies have gained widespread availability and acceptance over the...

Off-pump Coronary Artery Bypass is a Safe Option in Patients Presenting as Emergency

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the preferred therapy strategy for revascularisation in the case of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or acute myocardial infarction...

Asia’s First Successful Minimally Invasive Transapical Transcatheter Mitral Valve-in-Valve Implantation

Dear Editor, Reoperation for mitral valve re-replacement in patients with patent coronary bypass grafts can be a formidable task in the elderly. We report a...

Long-term Outcomes of Medical Therapy Versus Coronary Revascularisation in Patients with Intermediate Stenoses Guided by Pressure Wire

Although coronary angiography has been used as the “gold standard” imaging technique for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease, it is essentially a lumenogram...

A Novel “Box Lesion” Minimally Invasive Totally Thoracoscopic Surgical Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation

  Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common and severe cardiac arrhythmia. It affects 0.4% to 1% of the general population, and the prevalence of...

Percutaneous paravalvular leak repair for severe aortic regurgitation after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI)

Paravalvular leaks (PVLs) are not uncommon after surgical valve replacement. The need for re-operation for clinically significant leaks is between 1 and 3%. Percutaneous...