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Achieving optimal fluid balance for a patient undergoing major surgery, especially transplant surgery, has always been the lofty goal of peri-operative care,1 which often...

The Role for Preoperative Localisation Techniques in Surgery for Hyperparathyroidism

Hyperparathyroidism is well recognised as a clinical problem that has a myriad of presentation. The classical presenting symptoms of hypercalcaemia have been well documented...

The efficacy and safety of high-intensity focused ultrasound in the treatment of benign thyroid nodules: A systematic review and meta-analysis from 1990 to 2021

Thyroid nodules are commonly seen in clinical practice. They can be detected by palpation in 5%1 of individuals and by ultrasound (US) in 19–68%...

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor versus Angiotensin 2 Receptor Antagonist Therapy and the Influence of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Gene Polymorphism in IgA Nephritis

Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ATRA) are both well established drugs utilised to help retard the progression of chronic...

Mid-term Outcomes of Laparoscopic Versus Open Choledochal Cyst Excision in a Tertiary Paediatric Hospital

Paediatric choledochal cyst is an uncommon benign cystic dilatation of the biliary tree, and is more prevalent in Asia than in the West. Accepted...