A 45-year-old woman with an unremarkable medical history presented with lower abdomen fullness that had persisted over the preceding several months. Laboratory test
results were within normal limits, except for microscopic haematuria on urinalysis. Radiographs and ultrasonography both failed to identify the left kidney (Fig. 1). Intravenous pyelography (IVP) identified a functional left kidney, which was in an abnormal position and on an abnormal axis (Figs. 2 and 3).
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