Introduction and Objectives: A total knee arthroplasty (TKA) clinical pathway database has been used in our institution since the year 2000. The primary aim of this study was to review the patient epidemiology, postoperative complications and factors influencing hospital length of stay following TKA. The clinical outcomes and cost-savings between elective and same day admissions for TKA patients were also reviewed.Materials and Methods: The study cohort retrieved from the database comprised 1371 patients (1663 knees) who underwent total knee replacement over a 6-year time period. The following variables were reviewed: epidemiological data, admission data (elective admission [EA] versus same day admission [SDA]), hospital length of stay (LOS), and complication rates. Results: The mean age of patients undergoing TKA is 65.2 years (range, 22 to 90). Osteoarthritis was the main surgical indication in 96% of the study cohort. Overall, there was a gradual decline in the hospital length of stay for the study cohort for the 6-year time period. The overall complication rate was 2% and the 3 most common complications were deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism and urinary tract infection. Conclusion: With an increasing elderly population there will be an annual increase in the number of TKAs. In our local population TKAs are performed primarily for the Chinese female in the 7th decade. The overall complication rate of TKA remains low with a mortality rate of <1%.
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been established as an effective treatment modality for patients with symptomatic knee arthritis. It provides predictable decrement in pain, correction of deformity and improved functional outcomes.
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