Introduction: Genetic predisposition to clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) has been linked to disorders such as von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome. While twin research is a classic approach for elucidating genetic and environmental contributions to disease, no monozygotic twin-pair concordant for ccRCC in the absence of VHL syndrome has been previously reported in the literature or in major twin registries.Clinical Picture: We describe a unique monozygotic twin-pair concordant for ccRCC, with discordant but early ages of onset of 25 and 38 respectively. Cytogenetic studies and direct sequencing for VHL gene mutations in the second twin proved unremarkable.Conclusions: This is the first reported case of monozygotic twins concordant for ccRCC in the absence of VHL gene mutation. The early yet discordant, age of onset of disease in both twins suggests both genetic and environmental contributions to ccRCC.
Studies of monozygotic and dizygotic twins represent an important approach in estimating the relative contributions of genes and environment to the development of various cancers and disease in general. However, remarkably and almost curiously, there has been no monozygotic twin-pair concordant for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) reported in the literature in the absence of VHL syndrome.
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