Antibiotic-impregnated bone cement has been used routinely in total hip and knee replacements as it has been shown to reduce the incidence of deep wound infection. The antibiotics used include nephrotoxic gentamicin as well as tobramycin and polymyxin, besides other less nephrotoxic such as cefuroxime. The risk of nephrotoxicity from the use of the former has been deemed to be low, as while high local concentrations of the drug are produced in the vicinity of the implants, serum concentrations are kept at safe low levels.
This article is available only as a PDF. Please click on “Download PDF” on top to view the full article.