Introduction: Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) has progressed dramatically in Asia due to the scarcity of cadaver donors and is increasingly performed in Singapore. The authors present their experience with adult LDLT. Materials and Methods: Adult LDLTs performed at the Asian Centre for Liver Diseases and Transplantation, Singapore from 20 April 2002 until 20 March 2006 were reviewed. All patients received right lobe grafts and were managed by the same team throughout this period. Data were obtained by chart review. This study presents both recipient and donor outcomes in a single centre. Results: A total of 65 patients underwent LDLT. Forty-three were genetically related while 22 were from emotionally-related donors. The majority were chronic liver failure while 14% were acute. The most common indication for LDLT was end-stage liver disease due to hepatitis B virus. A total of 22 patients with hepatoma were transplanted and overall 1-year disease specific survival was 94.4%. The mean model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score was 17.4 ± 9.4 (range, 6 to 40). Six patients had preoperative molecular adsorbent recycling system (MARS) dialysis with 83% transplant success rate. The mean follow-up was 479.2 days with a median of 356 days. One-year overall survival was 80.5%. There was 1 donor mortality and morbidity rate was 17%. Our series is in its early stage with good perioperative survival outcome with 1-month and 3-month actuarial survival rates of 95.4% and 87.3% respectively. Conclusion: The study demonstrates that LDLT can be done safely with good results for a variety of liver diseases. However, with dynamically evolving criteria and management strategies, further studies are needed to maximise treatment outcome.
Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) has evolved dramatically over the past decade and it has continued to progress and expand with the realisation of the exponentially increasing waiting times and waiting list deaths in cadaveric liver transplants. With the scarcity of cadaveric liver donors in Asia, this therapeutic innovation has thrived in the region.
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