Transplantation is one of the most progressive areas of medicine. Following its rapid development, organ transplantation has become part of the globalisation process, and is now available in all corners of the world in different social and cultural environments. Almost a decade into a new century, transplantation faces new challenges, with record numbers of patients on the waiting list, a scarcity of donor organs, inequity in access to transplantation, organ commercialisation, increasing living donation and the use of marginal donors. Probably more than in any other field of medicine, the cultural influences are very prominent in transplantation due to the complexity of the process and the ethical issues surrounding every step from donation, access to transplantation to outcome. These influences have led to different practical approaches around the world, which aim to be in agreement with the respective societal principles and moral values. Herein, we provide an overview of some of these challenges and their possible resolution in culturally diverse areas of the world.
Over the last 5 decades, organ transplantation has
established itself as one of the most progressive areas of
medicine. Technical advances together with immunological
and pharmacological progress have led to a continuous
improvement in outcome for all types of solid organ
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