Introduction: Accurate assessment of the exercise capacity of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is important for the dual purpose of exercise prescription and determining response to therapy. Currently, the clinical utility of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) of patients with COPD as part of their evaluation for pulmonary rehabilitation is not established. The aims of this study were to evaluate the role of CPET in determining maximal exercise capacity and the causes of exercise limitation in patients with COPD.Materials and Methods: The results of resting pulmonary function tests and CPET performed on 33 subjects with stable COPD as part of their evaluation for pulmonary rehabilitation were reviewed. Thirty-two of these patients had moderate or severe COPD. Results: Twenty-nine of the 33 patients were able to perform maximal exercise tests during CPET. Of these 29 maximal tests, the causes of exercise limitation were ventilatory limitation in 17 patients, significant oxygen desaturation in 1 patient and both ventilatory limitation and oxygen desaturation in 11 patients. Limb muscle dysfunction is a possible limiting factor in the 4 patients with sub-maximal tests. Physical deconditioning may be a contributory factor of exercise intolerance in 2 patients. Although there was significant correlation (r = 0.597, P = 0.01) between peak VO2 percent predicted and FEV1 percent predicted, there was marked variability of peak VO2 for a given degree of airflow obstruction. Conclusions: CPET is useful for determining the causes of exercise limitation and for assessing the maximal exercise capacity of patients with COPD.
Exercise intolerance is a hallmark of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although exertional symptoms may be mild at the outset, exercise limitation is the most disabling and distressing consequence of COPD for the majority of patients.
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