• Vol. 27 No. 1, 16–20
  • 15 January 1998

Clinical Predictors of Nephritis in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

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ABSTRACT

We identified clinical predictors of lupus nephritis presenting more than 6 months after the diagnosis of lupus in a cohort of 335 lupus patients. Almost 24% (80/335) of patients developed nephritis more than 6 months after the diagnosis of lupus. Using a Cox proportional hazards model, we found hypertension, thrombocytopaenia and leukopaenia to be associated with lupus nephritis presenting more than 6 months after diagnosis, with adjusted relative risks of 2.5 (95% CI 1.3 to 4.7), 4.3 (95% CI 1.7 to 10.8) and 3.2 (95% CI 1.7 to 6.2) respectively. In this cohort, hypertension, thrombocytopaenia and leukopaenia were associated with lupus nephritis presenting more than 6 months after the diagnosis of lupus.


Lupus nephritis is a common manifestation of lupus associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The use of cytotoxic agents has resulted in improved renal outcomes but is associated with considerable morbidity, and their role in the management of lupus nephritis is not universally accepted.

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