• Vol. 48 No. 4
  • 15 April 2019

Electronic Bicycles and Scooters: Convenience at the Expense of Danger?



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Electronic bicycles and scooters—or personal mobility
devices (PMDs)—are becoming popular means of commute
given their convenience, low cost and ease in obtaining
regulatory approval. They have also been successfully
marketed as a fun and environment-friendly way to travel.
However, the recent surge in PMD-related accidents is
cause for concern. Singapore has witnessed a threefold
increase in PMD-related accidents between 2016 (n = 46)
and 2017 (n = 128).1 In the first half of 2017, there were
4 mortalities and up to 90 injuries reported.2 In an effort
to regulate the sale and usage of PMDs in the country,
the Singapore government passed the Active Mobility
Act in January 2017 (Fig. 1).3-5 Since May 2018, the Land
Transport Authority (LTA) has been regulating the use of
PMDs under the Act.

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