Introduction: F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) combined positron emission tomography (PET)/ computed tomography (CT) imaging is often used in the surveillance of recurrent colorectal cancers after curative resections. We report 2 patients where FDG combined PET/CT imaging produced false positive results due to chronic inflammation and suture granuloma. Clinical Picture: Case 1 is a patient with a curative anterior resection done 10 months ago. Serial surveillance carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) showed a marginal elevation. A solitary “hot spot” on combined PET/CT imaging was seen at the level of the previously resected inferior mesenteric vein. Case 2 is a patient with a positive solitary lesion on combined PET/CT imaging 16 months after a curative right hemicolectomy for colorectal cancer. The serum CEA was within normal limits. Treatment: Both patients had undergone exploratory laparotomy with complete resection of the solitary lesions. Outcome: The histology of Case 1 was reported as a suture granuloma while the histology of Case 2 was reported as an inflammatory nodule related to the previous suture pedicle, both with no malignant tissues identified. Conclusions: False positives on combined PET/CT imaging may result from inflammatory granulomas months after surgery.
Postoperative surveillance for recurrence after curative colorectal cancer surgery has been enhanced with the use of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) combined positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) imaging that detect metabolic anomalies via differences in tissue glucose uptake and thus metabolic activity.1-3 This may occasionally pose a problem in distinguishing malignant from inflammatory tissue.4,5 We report 2 cases of histologically proven false positive results on FDG combined PET/CT imaging after resection laparotomy as a result of chronic inflammation and a suture granuloma.
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