Introduction: Aspergillosis of the central nervous system is an uncommon infection, mainly occurring in immunocompromised patients with a high mortality. Surgical excision of the intracranial lesion combined with oral voriconazole has been proposed to improve the outcome in immunocompromised patients. Itraconazole has been considered not to be effective because of poor penetration into the brain tissue. We report the long-term outcome of 3 cases of intracranial aspergilloma in immunocompetent patients who were successfully treated with radical surgery combined with oral itraconazole.Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study in which chronic invasive intracranial aspergilloma was successfully treated in 3 apparently immunocompetent patients and followed-up for more than 5 years. Results: Near complete or radical surgical removal of this localised chronic invasive intracranial aspergilloma whenever possible is the definitive treatment. When combined with the oral antifungal drug itraconazole, the management regimen is effective in achieving near complete long-term cure of more than 5 years. Oral itraconazole 200 mg twice daily should be given for a prolonged period of at least 6 months. Conclusion: In chronic invasive intracranial aspergilloma in an immunocompetent patient, it was suggested that radical excision of the intracranial aspergilloma combined with oral antifungal drug belonging to triazole group that can be either itraconazole or voriconazole given for a period of 6 months was likely to improve the long-term outcome.
Aspergillosis of the central nervous system (CNS) is an uncommon infection, mainly occurring in immunocompromised patients. It may present in several forms: meningitis, mycotic aneurysms, infarcts and the tumoral form (aspergilloma).
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