• Vol. 30 No. 5, 539–541
  • 15 September 2001

Isolated Non-compaction of Ventricular Myocardium: A Report of Three Cases



Introduction: Isolated non-compaction of ventricular myocardium (INVM) is a rare disorder of myocardial morphogenesis in the absence of other cardiac anomalies. Both sporadic and sex-linked recessive forms have been described. It can be identified with two-dimensional echocardiography.

Clinical Picture: We report a series of 3 cases of adult males with INVM in June 2000. Clinical manifestations were congestive cardiac failure with severely depressed left ventricle systolic function and stroke. One patient had biventricular INVM.

Conclusion: Early diagnosis of INVM is important as it is associated with a high incidence of cardiac failure, ventricular arrhythmia and remobilisation. Anticoagulation and screening of first-degree relatives is advisable.

Non-compaction of ventricular myocardium is a rare morphogenic arrest of compaction of the ventricular myocardial fibres during intrauterine life. Usually, the left ventricle is more compact and less trabeculated than the right ventricle.

This article is available only as a PDF. Please click on “Download PDF” on top to view the full article.