• Vol. 39 No. 1, 17–21
  • 15 January 2010

Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome: Data from the Singapore Polyposis Registry and a Shifting Paradigm in Management

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ABSTRACT

Introduction: Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome (PJS) is an uncommon autosomal dominant hamartomatous polyposis syndrome. Morbidity arises from polyp-related complications and increased risks of malignancy. We report on PJS patients registered in the Singapore Polyposis Registry, identified principal causes of morbidity and appraised current management strategies. A follow-up protocol based on recent literature has been proposed.

Materials and Methods: A search of a prospectively collected database in the Singapore Polyposis Registry was made. Only patients who fulfilled the diagnostic criteria of PJS were included. The clinical records were retrieved for review. Information on affected family members was obtained from the Registry’s pedigree records.

Results: Seven unrelated patients fulfilled the criteria of having PJS. Principal causes of morbidity include recurrent bouts of abdominal colic, episodes of intestinal obstruction, gastrointestinal bleeding and the need for repeated laparotomies. Six out of 7 patients had initial presentation with acute intestinal obstruction requiring emergency laparotomy. Management was mostly problem-oriented and marked inter-surgeon variation with regard to cancer screening and genetic counselling was observed.

Conclusion: Patients with PJS suffer gastrointestinal complications from polyposis and are at increased risks for developing cancers. A move towards surveillance and planned comprehensive care may reduce the morbidity of the condition. A protocol driven approach conducted in the setting of a Polyposis Registry is ideally suited to facilitate such care.


Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome (PJS) is an uncommon autosomal dominant hamartomatous polyposis syndrome associated with mucocutaneous melanocytic macules. Melanin deposition occurs most commonly in the perioral region and buccal mucosa, but these maccules may also be found on the hands, feet and perianal regions.

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