• Vol. 35 No. 3, 198–202
  • 15 March 2006

Photodynamic Therapy for Choroidal Neovascularisation Secondary to Inflammatory Chorioretinal Disease

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ABSTRACT

Introduction: To review the long-term outcome of photodynamic therapy (PDT) with verteporfin for inflammatory chorioretinal disease with subfoveal choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) over a 1-year period.

Materials and Methods: Retrospective review of eyes with subfoveal CNV for associated choroiditis that were treated with PDT using verteporfin over a 1-year period. Main outcome measure: visual acuity.

Results: Five eyes in 4 patients, with diagnoses including serpiginous choroiditis (2), ocular histoplasmosis syndrome (OHS, 1), and punctate inner choroidopathy (PIC, 2) underwent standard treatment procedure for PDT with verteporfin. Visual acuity, fluorescein angiography and treatment parameters were reviewed. Follow-up ranged from 12 months to 36 months (median, 36 months). Pre-PDT visual acuities ranged from 20/60 to 20/400 (median, 20/200). Post-PDT visual acuities ranged from 20/30 to 20/400 at 1 year (median, 20/300). Visual acuity was stabilised (within 1 line) or improved (greater than 1 line) in 3 eyes at 1 year and 4 of the 5 eyes at last follow-up.

Conclusion: PDT for subfoveal CNV may stabilise, but rarely improves, visual acuity in eyes with choroidal neovascularisation secondary to inflammatory chorioretinal disease.


Photodynamic therapy using verteporfin (Visudyne, Novartis Ophthalmics) has been proven safe and effective for the treatment of predominantly classic, age-related macular degeneration (AMD)-related subfoveal choroidal neovascularisation (CNV), pathologic myopia-related CNV, and subgroups of AMD-related occult CNV. Visual results following verteporfin treatment of subfoveal, non-AMD related CNV have been variable. We report our experience utilising photodynamic therapy (PDT) for choroidal neovascularisation secondary to inflammatory chorioretinal disease.

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