• Vol. 35 No. 8, 536–540
  • 15 August 2006

Role of Ultrasound Biomicroscopy (UBM) in the Detection and Localisation of Anterior Segment Foreign Bodies

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ABSTRACT

Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) in imaging anterior segment foreign bodies and compare it with conventional B-scan ultrasound and computed tomography (CT).

Materials and Methods: The charts of 18 eyes with anterior segment foreign bodies were reviewed. The rates of detection of foreign bodies using ultrasound, CT scan and UBM were compared.

Results: The foreign body detection rates were 36.5% by ultrasound, 88.9% by CT scan, and 94.4% by UBM. The diagnosis of presence of a foreign body using UBM was made based on high reflective echoes causing shadowing or reverberations. In 7 eyes, UBM detected injury to the zonules, guiding the operative procedure. In the 8 eyes for which all tests were performed, rates of detection of foreign bodies were 25% (2/8) with ultrasound, 87.5% (7/8) with CT, and 100% (8/8) with UBM.

Conclusion: UBM is a valuable adjunct for the accurate localisation of small foreign bodies, including cilia. It offers a higher detection rate than that provided by ultrasound and CT scan.


The presence of an intraocular foreign body (IOFB) is a common complication of ocular trauma. For surgical planning, the localisation of IOFBs has to be accurate. Posterior segment foreign bodies are detected by clinical examination and imaging techniques such as computed tomography (CT) and low-frequency (5 MHz to 10 MHz) ultrasonography.

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