Hong Kong has a long history as a place to which refugees flock. In the modern era, the influx resulting from the 1949 communist victory in the Chinese Civil war led to many problems, amongst which was a severe shortage of facilities for birthing mothers. From this rather difficult point, Hong Kong went on to build an enviable record in maternity care. Amongst the achievements have been a maternal mortality rate which is amongst the lowest in the world and a commensurate perinatal mortality.
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