• Vol. 45 No. 6
  • 15 June 2016

Validity of a Revised Short Form-12 Health Survey Version 2 in Different Ethnic Populations



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The Short Form-12 version 2 (SF-12v2) is a shorter version of the Short Form-36 version 2 (SF-36v2) for assessing health-related quality of life. As the SF-12v2 could not be resolved into the physical- and mental-component summary score (PCS and MCS, respectively) in the general population of Singapore, this study aims to determine and validate the Singapore SF-12 version 2 (SG-12v2). Materials and Methods: The SG- 12v2 was generated using the same methodology as the SF-12v2. Bootstrap analysis was used to determine if the SG-12v2 were signifi cantly different from the SF-12v2. Content validity was assessed using percentage of variance (R²) of the Singapore version of SF-36v2 PCS and MCS explained by the SG-12v2 items. Agreement between the SF-36v2 and the SG-12v2 was assessed using Bland-Altman diagrams. Criterion validity was demonstrated if effect size differences between SF-36v2 and SG-12v2 were small (Cohen’s criteria). Known-group validity of SG-12v2 was reported for participants with and without chronic diseases. Results: Five items differed between the SG-12v2 and SF-12v2. Bootstrap analysis confi rmed that SG-12v2 and SF-12v2 were signifi cantly different. The SG12v2 explained 94% and 79% of the R² of the SF-36v2 PCS and MCS, respectively. Agreement was good and effect size differences were small (<0.3). Participants with chronic diseases reported lower SG-12v2 scores compared to participants without chronic diseases. Conclusion: The SG-12v2 offers advantage over the SF-12v2 for use in the general population of Singapore. The SG-12v2 is a valid measure and will be particularly useful for large population health surveys in Singapore.

The Short Form-36 version 2 (SF-36v2) health-related quality of life (HRQoL) survey is a well established 36-item instrument that had been used in many clinical and epidemiologic studies to assess the quality of life of subjects all around the world.

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