On 7 April 2011, World Health Organisation (WHO) marked World Health Day 2011. This year’s theme is antimicrobial resistance. It is timely given the global emergence and spread of New Delhi metallo-betalactamase-1 (NDM-1) in 2010, adding to an increasing list of resistance mutations that may spell the end of “last-line” carbapenems as antibiotics. Extensively drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis, antiretroviral drug resistance in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), and antimalarial drug resistance4 add to this alarming pandemic of antimicrobial resistance.
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