The use of isokinetic dynamometry has often been criticised based on the face-validity argument that isokinetic movements poorly resemble the everyday multi-segmented, dynamic activities of human movements. In the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction or deficiency population where muscle deficits are ubiquitous, this review paper has made a case for using isokinetic dynamometry to isolate and quantify these deficits in a safe and controlled manner. More importantly, the usefulness of isokinetic dynamometry, as applied in individuals with ACL reconstruction or deficiency, is attested by its established known-group and convergent validity. Known-group validity is demonstrated by the extent to which a given isokinetic measure is able to identify individuals who could and could not resume pre-morbid athletic or strenuous activities with minimal functional limitations following an ACL injury. Convergent validity is demonstrated by the extent to which a given isokinetic measure closely associates with self-report measures of knee function in individuals with ACL reconstruction. A basic understanding of the measurement properties of isokinetic dynamometry will guide the clinicians in providing reasoned interventions and advancing the clinical care of their clients.
Of all the ligaments of the knee joint, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the most frequently injured despite its structural proficiency and its ability to adjust the stiffness of the knee muscles. ACL injuries typically occur during activities that involve abrupt deceleration or change of direction when the foot planted.
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