The purpose of the current study is to assess the psychometric properties of Alzheimer’s Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive subscale (ADAS-Cog) on patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and mild Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in a multicultural Asian context. Materials and Methods: Sixty-four mild AD patients (mean age ± SD; 72.24 ± 7.88 years), 80 MCI patients (66.44 ± 7.45 years) and 125 healthy controls (HCs) (61.81 ± 6.96 years) participated in the study. Participants underwent a clinical interview and serial neuropsychological testing. ADAS-Cog total and subtest scores were compared across the 3 groups. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis were performed and sensitivity, specifi city, positive predictive values (PPVs) and negative predictive values (NPVs) were calculated. Results: Patients with MCI attained signifi cantly worse neuropsychological test scores than healthy controls but signifi cantly better results than patients with mild AD on ADAS-Cog total score, subtest items, and the delayed recall item (P <0.001). The best cutoff score to differentiate between MCI and HC was ≥4 (sensitivity = 0.73, specifi city = 0.69, PPV = 0.90, NPV = 0.40), while the best cutoff score to distinguish between MCI and mild AD was ≥12 (sensitivity = 0.86, specifi city = 0.89, PPV = 0.99, NPV = 0.32). Evidence of internal consistency of the ADAS-Cog (Cronbach α = 0.85) as well as convergent validity with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) (ρ = -0.75) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) (ρ = -0.81) (both P <0.001) was also found. Conclusion: The ADAS-Cog which is widely used in clinical trials is applicable to the Asian cohort. It is useful in the detection of MCI and mild AD as well as in distinguishing these 2 conditions.
The Alzheimer’s Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive subscale (ADAS-Cog) is widely used in research settings to detect and follow-up cognitive deficits in persons suffering from Alzheimer’s disease (AD), a neurodegenerative disorder associated with progressive,
gradual decline in memory and cognition.
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