Volume 52, Number 4
April 2023

Lifestyle modifications can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and hypertension. A Singapore study examined the association between domain-specific physical activity (e.g. work, transport and leisure) and sedentary behaviour, with T2DM and hypertension.

Individuals with more than 826 metabolic equivalent of task-minutes of leisure-related physical activity per week had lower odds of having T2DM and hypertension. Individuals with more than 8 hours of sedentary time daily had higher odds of having hypertension compared with those with 0–5 hours of sedentary time.

Health promotion strategies can emphasise for moderate levels of leisure-related physical activity, while targeting complex circumstances driving behaviours to increase physical activity.

Illustration by Xinyu Li

Promoting physical activity for population health

The chronic disease burden has risen globally. In Singapore, between 2007 and 2021, the crude prevalence of hyperlipidaemia (8.2–13.9%), hypertension (12.7–15.7%) and diabetes (4.9–6.9%)...

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Benefits of leisure-related physical activity and association between sedentary time and risk for hypertension and type 2 diabetes

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