Volume 51, Number 3
March 2022

This issue includes two Singapore studies focused on the impact and mitigation of kidney diseases, in commemoration of World Kidney Day in March.

Patients with chronic kidney disease can benefit from serious illness conversation, following identification of risk factors associated with increased mortality. These include the Charlson Comorbidity Index, serum albumin and recent hospital readmission.

Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are high among patients with end-stage renal failure. Predictors of death and acute myocardial infarction are examined among those on different modalities of dialysis. Findings show tighter control of cardiovascular risk factors benefits patients on dialysis.

Survival outcome of haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis

End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is a challenging and growing health issue, with number of patients increasing globally. The use of dialysis has greatly improved...

Pressures, indexes and peripheral arterial disease: Time to rethink our approach?

Most patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) are asymptomatic. Despite the absence of symptoms, these patients have a significantly increased risk of death and...

Death and cardiovascular outcomes in end-stage renal failure patients on different modalities of dialysis

End-stage renal failure (ESRF) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, including Asia.1 In Singapore, incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage...

Diagnostic thresholds for absolute systolic toe pressure and toe-brachial index in diabetic foot screening

Diabetes mellitus is a global healthcare problem. In Singapore, the rising disease burden of this metabolic condition places considerable strain on the healthcare system,...

Pre- and apnoeic high-flow oxygenation for rapid sequence intubation in the emergency department (the Pre-AeRATE trial): A multicentre randomised controlled trial

Critically ill patients in the emergency department (ED) have shorter safe apnoea times due to physiological distress from decreased cardiac output, increased shunting and...


Review on Epidemic of Obesity

Rationale for Redefining Obesity in Asians